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Dengue & its Prevention

Overview

Dengue fever, often known as breakbone fever, is a viral infection spread by mosquitos. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4 are four viral serotypes (closely related viruses) that cause dengue fever. The easiest approach to avoid contracting dengue fever is to avoid mosquito bites. Early disease detection and availability of competent medical care reduce death rates to less than 1%.

Symptoms

Dengue fever symptoms normally appear four to seven days after the initial infection and can continue up to ten days. Among the signs and symptoms are: 

  1. Headache 
  2. Pain in the muscles, bones, and joints 
  3. Fever (High) 
  4. Fatigue, Nausea, Vomiting 
  5. Pain behind the eyes 
  6. Rashes on the skin 
  7. Lymph glands swollen 
  8. Mild bleeding, such as a nasal bleed or bleeding gums 

Severe dengue can cause the following signs and symptoms: 

  1. Abdominal discomfort 
  2. Constant vomiting 
  3. Bleeding from the gums or from the nose 
  4. Blood in the urine, faeces, or vomit is a sign of an infection. 
  5. Breathing quickly 
  6. Irritability or agitation 
  7. Fatigue 
  8. Skin that is clammy 
  9. Spots of redness, especially on the legs

Tips for preventing Dengue 

Depending on the severity of the sickness, prompt intervention may be beneficial. Dengue fever can be treated in a variety of ways.

  1. Stay in a well-screened or air-conditioned room. 
  2. When visiting mosquito-infested places, wear protective apparel that covers your arms, legs, and head. 
  3. Use insect repellent on your skin. Diethyltoluamide-containing repellents are the most effective (DEET) 
  4. Insecticide permethrin should be applied to clothing. 
  5. Use permethrin-impregnated mosquito netting. 
  6. Mosquito netting should be used to cover strollers and infant carriers. 
  7. Reduce mosquito breeding grounds, such as standing water that collects in items like used automobile tires, Dishes for pets, Planters that have been left empty, Cans for flower pots, Any empty container. Get your blood tests done at Gurunanak Healthcare branches inn Malviya Nagar, Jangpura & Pahar Ganj.

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