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Why Obesity increases in Children?

Overview

Obesity in children and teenagers is a major medical problem that affects them. Obese children are overweight or obese for their age and height, and they are at a higher risk of developing a variety of health problems, including heart disease and diabetes. Obesity in children can contribute to low self-esteem and sadness. More importantly, the effects of childhood obesity on one’s health can last into adulthood. India has the second-highest number of obese children in the world, next to China.

Complications

  1. High blood pressure or heart disease: A poor diet can contribute to plaque build-up in the arteries, narrowing and hardening the arteries and increasing the risk of a heart attack or stroke later in life. 
  2. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle raise the chance of developing type 2 diabetes. 
  3. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a potentially dangerous disorder in which a child’s breathing stops and begins regularly during sleep. 
  4. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a condition in which fatty deposits build up in the liver without causing any symptoms. NAFLD can cause scarring and damage to the liver.
  5. Obese children are more likely to suffer from bone fractures. 
  6. Asthma: Overweight or obese children are more likely to develop asthma. 
  7. Irregular menstruation: In maturity, overweight girls may experience irregular menstrual periods and fertility issues.

Preventions

  1. Sugar-sweetened beverages should be used in moderation. 
  2. Physical inactivity, as well as spending too much time doing sedentary activities, contribute to the condition. 
  3. Unhealthy eating habits, such as eating fast food, can lead to weight growth in children. 
  4. Factors of inheritance, If the child comes from a family of obese individuals, he or she is more likely to gain weight. 
  5. A medical ailment such as a hormone imbalance is one example. 
  6. concerns of the mind, Stressed or unhappy children may eat more to cope with their unpleasant feelings. 
  7. Social and economic circumstances, Obesity is more likely to impact children and adolescents who originate from low-income families.

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